Beginning Reading Ability Using the Method Synthetic Structural Analytics (SAS)

Renni Ramadhani Lubis, Siti Irene Dwiningrum, Enny Zubaidah


This study aims to describe a literature review on early reading skills using the method synthetic structural analysis (SAS)in grade 1 students at Madrasah Ibtidaiyah Negeri 2 Langkat. This study uses a qualitative research method with a literature review approach. The research stages were carried out by means of article collection, article reduction, article display, discussion and conclusion. Sources of research data are international and national journal articles in 2015-2021. The results showed that from 25 articles, 13 articles were found that matched the topic title. Beginning reading skills using the methodsynthetic structural analysis (SAS)in grade 1 students at Madrasah Ibtidaiyah Negeri 2 Langkat, the implementation is in accordance with the theories that have been used as references. Beginning reading skills using the methodsynthetic structural analysis (SAS)in grade 1 students at Madrasah Ibtidaiyah Negeri 2 Langkat can increase student activity and learning outcomes.


literature review; preliminary reading skills; methods synthetic structural analysis (SAS)

Full Text:



Antari, LN, Tegeh, IM, Ujiti, PR, & Psi, S. (2019). The Effect of Synthetic Structural Analytical Method (SAS) on Beginning Reading Ability in Group B Children. Journal of Early Childhood Education Undiksha, 7(2), 171-181.

Budiarti, M., & Dewi, C. (2017). Analysis of Learning Difficulties of Mental Retardation Students at SDN Kedungputri 2 (Case Study at SDN Kedungputri 2, Paron, Ngawi Regency). MUADDIB: Educational and Islamic Studies, 7(2), 132-143.

Commodari, E., Guarnera, M., Di Stefano, A., & Di Nuovo, S. (2020). Children learn to read: how visual analysis and mental imagery contribute to the reading performances at different stages of reading acquisition. Journal of psycholinguistic research, 49(1), 59-72.

Hadian, LH, Hadad, SM, & Marlina, I. (2018). Use of Big Book Media to Improve Reading Skills in Simple Sentences. Didactic: Scientific Journal of PGSD STKIP Subang, 4(2), 212-242.

Halidjah, S., & Margiat, KY Improving Beginning Reading Ability Using the Sas Method in Grade I Elementary School Students. Journal of Equatorial Education and Learning, 4(12).

Hasibuan, S. (2019). The Use of the Sas Method in Improving Beginning Reading Skills in Class I Students Sdn 106162 Medan Estate. School Education Journal PGSD FIP Unimed, 9(2), 184-190.

Herianti, H., Andari, KDW, & Boa, AT (2020). Comparison of Beginning Reading Ability Between SAS Method (Synthetic Analytic Structural) and Global Method Assisted by Image Media in Class II SDN 045 Tarakan. Scientific Journal of Elementary School Teacher Education, 4(1), 11-24.

Kaden, U. (2020). COVID-19 school closure-related changes to the professional life of a K–12 teacher. Education Sciences, 10(6), 165.

Larsen, L., Schauber, SK, Kohnen, S., Nickels, L., & McArthur, G. (2020). Children's knowledge of single-and multiple-letter grapheme-phoneme correspondences: An exploratory study. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 51, 379-391.

Marzali, A. (2016). Write a literature review. Indonesian Ethnographic Journal.

Monagban, EJ, & Saul, EW (2018). The reader, the scribe, the thinker: A critical look at the history of American reading and writing instruction. In The formation of school subjects (pp. 85-122). Routledge.

Muhibah, N., Khaeroni, K., & Farhurohman, O. (2020). Improving Beginning Reading Ability Through Structural Analytical And Synthetic Methods (SAS) in Indonesian Language Subjects. Primary: Journal of Science and Basic Education, 12(1), 13-26.

Oyani, D. (2020). The Effect Of Learning Methods Assisted By Sas (Synthetic Analytical Structures) With Letter Card Media On Participants'beginning Reading Ability Students At Primary School 49 BANDA ACEH. International Journal of Social Sciences, 1(2).

Putri, GVH, AM, MS, & Asim, A. (2018). SAS (Synthetic Analytical Structural) Method in Improving Beginning Reading Ability for Moderate Mentally Impaired Students. Journal of Orthopedagogia, 4(1), 48-51.

Prasela, N., Witarsa, R., & Ahmadi, D. (2020). Literature review on cognitive learning outcomes using the direct learning model of elementary school students. Journal of Education and Teaching Review, 3(2), 209-216.

Rizal, MS (2019). Improving Beginning Reading Ability Using Structural Analytic Synthetic Method (SAS) Against Class I Students at SDN 81 Pekanbaru. Journal of Education and Teaching Review, 2(2), 253-258.

Rosni, R. (2016). Improving Beginning Reading Ability through the Application of SAS (Synthetic Analytical Structural) Method for Children aged 5-6 Years at Taman Harapan Kindergarten. Elementary School Journal PGSD FIP UNIMED, 5(2), 98-106.

Sari, KLP, Suwatra, IIW, & Suartama, IK (2014). The Influence of the SAS Method on Learning Outcomes for Beginning Indonesian Language Subjects. MIMBAR PGSD Undiksha, 2(1).

Silfiyah, A., Ghufron, S., Ibrahim, M., & Mariati, P. (2021). The Effect of Application of SAS (Structural Analytic Synthetic) Method on Beginning Reading Ability of Students in Elementary School. Journal of Basicedu, 5(5), 3142-3149.

Suyadi, MPI (2021). The Development of Multiple Intelligences in Early Childhood Education: Islamic Treasures and Neuroscience. UAD PRESS.

Syawaluddin, A., Faisal, M., & Risal, R. (2018). The Effect of the SAS Method (Structural Analysis Synthesis) on the Improvement of Beginning Reading Skills in Grade II Students of SDN Mappala, Rappocini District, Makassar City. Education Publications, 8(3), 244-250.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 MUDARRISA: Jurnal Kajian Pendidikan Islam

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Program Studi Pendidikan Guru Madrasah Ibtidaiyah (PGMI)

IAIN Salatiga

Jl. Lingkar Salatiga Km. 2 Pulutan, Sidorejo, Kota Salatiga, Jawa Tengah 50716,
Telp. (0298) 323706 – Fax. (0298) 323433

Technical Support:





P-ISSN: 2085-2061

E-ISSN: 2541-3457